We hope that this article on pruning will be useful to you in carrying out maintenance work in your garden.
The right way to prune
Proper pruning is essential for the growth and proper development of each plant, shrub or tree species.
When it comes to pruning, art and science are combined. The pruning an olive tree bonsai type is a faithful example of this statement.
Pruning is much more than just a cosmetic treatment for the ornamental vegetation.
This work of garden care and maintenanceThe use of a plant protection system is a necessary part of the process of good plant growth.
For example, incorrectly pruned fruit trees can end up overloaded with fruit or not bear fruit at all.
It is common to see in the pruning of the lemon tree or in the pruning of the almond tree how to get better fruit from this care.
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When to perform the pruning?
Any cutting of dead branches and profiling throughout the year should be considered as cleaning work.
The basic concept of pruning is specifically designed to facilitate the growth of the plant and its flowers or fruits.
In generic terms, the ideal time to prune a plant or shrub is in late winter, at the end of the tree's dormant cycle, or very early in the spring.
There are species, climates and locations that demand pruning in the fall or even 2 to 3 times a year.
How do you Trimming a young tree?
Young trees need to be cut back intensively in their early years.
Basically, these become sticks or a log peeled from the ground.
We advise you to keep the horizontal branches small and get rid of those that grow more vertically or downwards below 90 degrees.
Ideally, you should keep the branches that are pointing at 45 to 60 degree angles.
Obviously, any damaged or diseased branches have to be removed, as well as any outbreaks from the base.
These shoots are called sprouts and compete for nutrients and do not negatively affect the good growth of the plant.
How do you debunk a large tree?
When trees grow, you should consider controlling their height and volume.
You can also top off the tree, which means cutting the tops off in the shape of a snowball or flat surface.
If done wrong, it can severely diminish the tree's foliage, as well as create several new shoots that grow in various directions.
The idea is that you can give uniformity to the shape of the tree and guide it to grow healthy, strong and try to secure its environment.
Safety has to do with the possible damage it could cause to property, neighbours or if it is near power lines.
It is important to completely eliminate branches growing in the direction of the main stem.
You must also cut off the branches that have turned towards the same tree.
Benefits of Tree Care
Pruning the trees at the optimum time will accelerate wound healing and reduce stress on the tree.
In general, the best time to prune trees is when they are inactive.
However, there are many exceptions to this rule depending on the type of tree and the type of branch you want to trim.
Avoid pruning trees in autumn. Trees that are pruned just before winter don't have enough time to heal before cold weather arrives and will be more susceptible to winter injury.
Tips from cow to cut the Conifers
Evergreen firs and pines can be pruned at any time of year, but pruning during the dormant season can minimize the flow of sap and resin from cut branches.
We advise you to prune the pines when the needles of the new growth, also known as candles, are not completely mature. Cut up to 2/3 of the length of the candle.
Hardwood tree and bush trimmings
We also advise you to do the pruning in the inactive station to easily visualize the structure of the tree.
This also promotes wound closure in the growing season after pruning.
It also serves to reduce the possibility of transmitting disease and discourage excessive flow of sap from wounds.
Recent injuries and the chemical odors they emit can attract insects that transmit tree diseases.
In particular, wounded elm is known to attract bark beetles that harbor spores of the Dutch elm disease fungus.
It is also known that open wounds in oak trees attract the beetles that spread the oak fungus.
You should take special care to prune these trees during the right time of year to avoid the spread of these fatal diseases.
Start pruning and shaping your plants and trees when they are young. Shaping them from an early age will reduce the amount of pruning needed as the tree ages.
Removing small branches, rather than large ones, allows the plant or tree to heal quickly and minimizes stress.